Plant Diseases, Crop Production and Food Security in Ghana

Plant Diseases, Crop Production and Food Security in Ghana

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION:                ……………………………….           1

 

FUNGI AS FRIEND              ……………………………….           4

Tempe´                              ……………………………….           5

Miso:                                 ……………………………….           5

Sufu:                                 ……………………………….           5

Idli:                                   ……………………………….           6

Ontjom:                             ……………………………….           6

Beers:                                ……………………………….           6

Wines:                               ……………………………….           7

Fungi as sources of Single Cell Protein (SCP)     ……….           8

QuornTM –Mycoprotein    ……………………………….           8

Fungi in Medical Biotechnology  ……………………….           9

Penicillins                          ……………………………….           9

Cephalosporins                  ……………………………….           10

Griseofulvin                      ……………………………….           11

Cyclosporine                     ……………………………….           11

Other useful compounds from fungi        ……………….           12

Organic acids                    ……………………………….           14

Enzymes                            ……………………………….           18

Vitamins                            ……………………………….           20

Fungi as sources of plant growth regulators         ……….           20

Biological control             ……………………………….           22

Use of fungi to control insect pests (Mycoinsecticides) …           23

 

FUNGI AS FOE                     ……………………………….           24

Crop production in Ghana             ……………………….           26

The Food Pipeline             ……………………………….           30

Stackburn of Maize in Commercial Storage in Africa     .           32

The Mango Decline Disease Syndrome   ……………….           36

Mango Anthracnose Disease        ……………………….           40

Citrus Disease       ……………………………….           44

Tomato      ……………………………….           45

Pear (Persea gratissima)               ……………………………….           49

Onions       ……………………………….           49

Plantain                 ……………………………….           50

Other food crops and vegetables  ……………………………….           53

 

STORAGE FACILITIES/STRUCTURES IN THE MARKET        …… 58

 

POST-HARVEST PROCESSING AND CONSERVATION

OF FOOD                                                                               ……. 60

Tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus L.)                                    ……. 67

 

MUSHROOM TECHNOLOGY                                            ……. 69

 

THE GOVERNMENT POLICY OF ONE-DISTRICT-ONE-FACTORY                                                                                                                                       ……. 78

Processing for extension of shelf-life                               ……. 80

Potential products for preservation                                   ……. 81

Preservation of mushrooms                                               ……. 83

 

CONCLUSION                                                                      ……. 85

Gamma irradiation and food safety                                  ……. 90

RECOMMENDATIONS                                                       ……. 92

REFERENCES                                                                      ……. 99

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